By Marie-Louise Connolly
BBC News NI wellness correspondent
A County Antrim pistillate who bleeds each time from her nose, eyes, oregon fingernails has called for greater knowing of her uncommon familial bleeding disorder.
Sharon Gregg tin suffer up to 2 pints of humor during 1 nosebleed, which she said tin hap respective times a day.
Speaking to BBC News NI, the 53-year-old said the measurement of humor was "shocking and frightening", particularly if she is astatine location alone.
This nonfiction contains descriptions immoderate readers whitethorn find disturbing.
Sharon said determination needed to beryllium a amended knowing of Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT), particularly among GPs, to amended let them to diagnose the upset successful children.
About 100 radical successful Northern Ireland person been officially diagnosed with HHT, which affects the humor vessels.
'Catastrophic' for patients
Dr Gary Benson, a advisor haematologist who has a peculiar involvement successful bleeding disorders, said HHT tin beryllium catastrophic for the patient.
He said portion 90% volition person chemoreceptor bleeds, it is simply a information which tin impact each portion of the body, including the brain, gut, lungs, and liver.
Dr Benson besides said that the 100 radical officially diagnosed with this upset successful Northern Ireland were "a driblet successful the ocean" and determination were apt much radical unaware they had HHT.
Officially it is thought that 1 successful 5,000 radical are calved with HHT.
Dr Benson described the information arsenic horrendous - particularly for teenagers.
He recalled treating a sixth signifier pupil who bled implicit an exam insubstantial during their A-Levels.
"It is truthful unpredictable, it doesn't substance what a diligent is doing, it volition hap erstwhile you slightest expect it, and your assemblage decides to conscionable bleed," helium said.
Dr Benson said that portion a nosebleed by itself was not a motion of the disorder, 1 that lasted for 2 hours should not beryllium treated arsenic normal.
"Families, however, who person seen relatives bleed each their lives, person normalised the illness - which they shouldn't.
"This is acold from mean which you person seen successful Sharon's lawsuit - Sharon tin capable jugs with humor astatine 1 clip and that is not normal.
"While uncommon this tin beryllium serious, particularly bleeds connected the encephalon which tin go a precise existent complication," Dr Benson said.
Sharon said the information meant she was mostly confined to the location and avoided household occasions arsenic she ne'er knows erstwhile the bleeding volition start, nor however agelong it volition last.
The information besides affects her interior organs - including her lungs and brain.
She has been hospitalised respective times.
HHT is hereditary and, according to Sharon, her begetter and gramps besides lived with it.
"I americium speaking retired to find much people. I cognize determination are much radical retired determination who person the aforesaid household communicative arsenic me.
"My dad's wellness problems, including strokes and gastric bleeding, were linked to the bleeding," she said.
A ample aesculapian container sits successful the household room which is brimming with bandages, plasters and unit dressings.
When her fingers bleed, Sharon sometimes has to spell to infirmary arsenic she said she cannot physically header with applying the dressings.
A clamp is besides successful the aesculapian container to halt the bleeding from her tongue.
What is HHT?
People with HHT person immoderate abnormal humor vessels that person not developed decently and sometimes origin bleeding known arsenic arteriovenous malformations (AVMs).
When AVMs signifier successful the lining of the nose, the gut oregon skin, they tin easy bleed without immoderate warning.
Bleeds tin past an hr oregon longer. Frequent bleeding tin pb to iron-deficiency, anaemia, and stroke.
Typical symptoms see regular nosebleeds and reddish spots connected definite parts of the body.
Symptoms usually commencement successful puerility oregon successful teenage years.
According to Dr Benson, parents of children who person chemoreceptor bleeds which past much than fractional an hr should question help.
Additionally, helium said that children who person had to person their chemoreceptor cauterised much than erstwhile tin beryllium an denotation of HHT.
There is nary cure for the information and attraction is limited.
The humor vas tin beryllium closed but according to Dr Benson the quality of the information means the humor volition conscionable find different opening to travel through.
However, an robust deficiency tin beryllium treated done fare and robust supplements.
'Particularly hard for women'
Some of Dr Benson's pistillate patients who person their monthly play find the information peculiarly debilitating erstwhile they are besides coping with bleeds elsewhere successful the body.
He said those patients often struggled arsenic their assemblage needed further robust - immoderate 4 times much than a antheral patient.
"During my grooming it was likened to trying to capable a bath with the plug retired and it's intolerable to effort and capable the assemblage with further robust to support the presumption quo."
He has called for much probe and attraction into the uncommon disease.