Ferdinand Marcos Jr urged to stop pretending he has an Oxford degree

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Clad successful a apical chapeau and leaning nonchalantly connected a Rolls-Royce, images of a besuited Ferdinand Marcos Jr from his clip successful Britain successful the 1970s are arsenic you whitethorn expect from the playboy scion of a kleptocratic dictator.

Yet arsenic the Marcos household returns to powerfulness successful the Philippines aft a landslide statesmanlike victory by Marcos Jr, helium is facing calls to halt misrepresenting the circumstances of his studies astatine Oxford.

The assemblage has confirmed that helium did not implicit his BA successful Philosophy, Politics and Economics aft enrolling successful 1975.

“According to our records, helium did not implicit his degree, but was awarded a peculiar diploma successful societal studies successful 1978,” Oxford said successful a effect to a state of accusation petition lodged by a UK-based Filipina protagonist of Marcos Jr’s nearest rival successful past week’s election.

Marcos Jr, nicknamed “Bongbong”, has claimed successful interviews that Oxford issued him with a bachelor’s degree, portion his authoritative spokesperson has said that the person and his squad “stand by the grade confirmation which was issued by the University of Oxford”. His website states: “He completed his undergraduate studies astatine Oxford University and graduated with a Special Diploma successful Social Studies.”

But Mira Edgcombe, a UK-based Filipina protagonist of Marcos Jr’s rival Leni Robredo, who lodged the FoI request, said of Marcos: “He should halt misrepresenting his peculiar diploma, which is intelligibly not a degree. It’s wide helium did not implicit undergraduate studies.”

She added: “In the expansive strategy of things it whitethorn not look truthful important, arsenic our constitution states that statesmanlike candidates lone person to beryllium literate and beryllium a national of a definite age. But it’s a large happening successful the Philippines if you person studied overseas and radical are impressed by that. What helium has been saying astir that is simply a reflection connected his property and character. It’s besides a reflection of a signifier of disinformation that a batch of researchers person pointed retired recently.”

After years of rebranding its image, the Marcos household is backmost successful powerfulness aft the precocious dictator son’s evident predetermination past week. Ongoing counts connected Friday besides showed his governmental allies were acceptable to seizure astir of the 300-seat House of Representatives and fractional of the 24-seat senate, which was up for election.

Marcos Jr had much than 31 cardinal votes successful the unofficial count, with projections showing 1 of the strongest majorities successful decades.

The effect comes aft an onslaught of disinformation designed to revise history, heighten the estimation of the household and undermine their opponents.

The contented astir Marcos Jr’s Oxford grade archetypal emerged 7 years agone erstwhile his illustration connected the website for the Philippines legislature stated that helium had obtained an Oxford grade successful Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE).

Newly published letters last twelvemonth revealed that the envoys for his begetter had lobbied elder figures astatine Oxford University’s St Edmund Hall to sphere the son’s world vocation aft helium failed examinations connected a fig of occasions.

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After university, Marcos Jr became the vice-governor of his location province, Ilocos Norte, connected the north-western extremity of Luzon, astatine the property of 23, and aboriginal governor. He was 29 erstwhile his begetter – who died successful exile successful Hawaii successful 1989 – was ousted and the household was forced to permission the Philippines.

Previously published documents revealed that Marcos failed 2 of his 3 preliminary exams astatine Oxford successful the summertime of 1976, aboriginal doing lone capable to walk 1 of the 2 resits – failing authorities for a 2nd time. Discussions followed betwixt emissaries of Marcos Snr and John Kelly, the main of St Edmund Hall, who was asked if they could “think of immoderate peculiar circumstances which would warrant the assemblage departing from its mean rule”.

A woody was yet hammered retired successful which Marcos was allowed to proceed his PPE studies but was transferred to a peculiar diploma successful societal sciences, a programme that has since been discontinued.

A past of CV truth-twisters …

Marcos Jr is not the lone celebrated idiosyncratic to person presented a well-seasoned CV.

  • Gillian McKeith, the You Are What You Eat presenter, agreed successful 2007 to driblet the rubric Dr from her company’s advertizing aft a ailment to the manufacture watchdog. The ailment was brought by a Guardian scholar who learned of McKeith’s world credentials from a Bad Science file by Ben Goldacre.

  • Andrea Leadsom, successful the midst of 2016 Tory enactment campaign, published a revised CV aft claims that she exaggerated her roles successful a City of London career. Former colleagues claimed she had exaggerated the value of her roles astatine Barclays and Invesco Perpetual.

  • Mina Chang, a elder authoritative successful the medication of Donald Trump, was caught retired successful 2019 after flaunting a Harvard acquisition that successful information amounted to a seven-week people successful 2016. She was besides recovered to person invented herself a relation connected a UN sheet and adjacent created a fake Time mag screen with her look connected it.

  • Craig Butfoy was jailed successful March for lying astir his flying acquisition to get a occupation with British Airways. He besides accused of giving mendacious details connected his CV, including that helium had held a backstage pilot’s licence since 1998, and fabricated documents, including a grooming people certificate.

  • Jeffrey Archer, the writer and disgraced politician, was accepted for a one-year people astatine Oxford University’s Department of Education aft claiming helium had six O-levels and 3 A-levels. He really had 3 O-levels, and nary A-levels. The 3 A-levels that ne'er were saw him accepted for a one-year diploma course astatine Oxford’s Brasenose college, yet helium fostered the content helium did a afloat grade course.

  • Lee McQueen won a six-figure job successful June 2008 with Sir Alan Sugar successful the of the BBC’s The Apprentice successful spite of his assertion that helium had spent 2 years astatine assemblage erstwhile helium spent lone 4 months there.

  • Florin Roman resigned successful December 2021 arsenic Romania’s curate of innovation and digitalisation aft an probe by journalists who reported they recovered important irregularities connected his resumé and grounds helium plagiarised from an world paper.

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