Sandy Hook Families Are Fighting Alex Jones and the Bankruptcy System Itself

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As the families question much than $1.4 cardinal awarded by courts for Mr. Jones’s lies, a New York Times reappraisal shows helium is transferring millions of dollars to household and friends, perchance retired of scope of creditors.

David Wheeler, wearing a acheronian  suit, holds his woman  Francine’s limb  arsenic  she closes her eyes listening to their lawyer   talk  extracurricular  a courthouse.
Francine and David Wheeler, whose lad Ben was killed successful the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting successful 2012, listening arsenic their lawyers talk to reporters aft a ruling successful the families’ favour implicit Alex Jones past year.Credit...Michelle McLoughlin/Reuters

Elizabeth WilliamsonEmily Steel

March 18, 2023, 3:00 p.m. ET

HOUSTON — The Infowars conspiracy broadcaster Alex Jones, who faces much than $1.4 cardinal successful ineligible damages for defaming the families of the Sandy Hook shooting victims, has devised a caller mode to taunt them: wriggling retired of paying them the wealth they are owed.

Mr. Jones, who has an estimated nett worthy arsenic precocious arsenic $270 million, declared some concern and idiosyncratic bankruptcy past twelvemonth arsenic the families won historic verdicts successful 2 lawsuits implicit his lies astir the 2012 shooting that killed 20 archetypal graders and six educators astatine Sandy Hook Elementary School successful Newtown, Conn.

A New York Times reappraisal of fiscal documents and tribunal records filed implicit the past twelvemonth recovered that Mr. Jones has transferred millions of dollars successful property, currency and concern deals to household and friends, including to a caller institution tally by his erstwhile idiosyncratic trainer, each perchance retired of scope of creditors. He has besides spent heavy connected luxuries, including $80,000 connected a backstage jet, bodyguards and a rented villa portion helium was successful Connecticut to attest astatine a proceedings past fall.

“If anybody thinks they’re shutting maine down, they’re mistaken,” Mr. Jones said connected his caller podcast past month.

The families present look a stark reality. It is not wide whether they volition ever cod a important information of the assets Mr. Jones has transferred. So their quality to get thing remotely adjacent to the assemblage awards is inextricably tied to Mr. Jones’s capableness to marque a living arsenic the purveyor of lies — including that the shooting was a hoax, the parents were actors and the children did not truly dice — that ignited years of torment and threats against them.

Lawyers for Mr. Jones said successful a filing precocious past twelvemonth that “any statement that Jones indispensable springiness up his nationalist life, oregon discontinue nationalist discourse, is contrary to supporting his quality to money a program and wage creditors.”

Mark Bankston, the families’ Texas lawyer, does not disagree. “There’s a accidental we’re going to beryllium forced into a concern wherever we’re going to beryllium checking to spot however Infowars is doing each period to fig retired if our clients are getting paid oregon not,” he said.

Earlier this month, Mr. Jones offered to wage the families and his different creditors a full of $43 cardinal implicit 5 years arsenic portion of a bankruptcy plan, which lawyers for the families instantly dismissed arsenic laughable and riddled with fiscal holes. The justice ordered Mr. Jones to capable successful the gaps in his fiscal disclosures by the extremity of the month.

But Mr. Jones’s continued obfuscation astir his nett worthy has fixed him leverage implicit the families, who are besides warring an American bankruptcy strategy that makes the endurance of businesses a priority and has truthful acold fixed Mr. Jones an vantage successful court.


While claiming helium is broke, Mr. Jones has spent heavy connected luxuries, including a backstage jet, bodyguards and a villa with a excavation and tennis court.Credit...Kirsten Luce for The New York Times

Although Infowars has estimated revenues of immoderate $70 cardinal a twelvemonth — hardly a mom-and-pop store — Mr. Jones was capable to record for Chapter 11 nether the much lenient bankruptcy rules of the Small Business Reorganization Act, known arsenic Subchapter V. The instrumentality archetypal took effect successful aboriginal 2020, but was soon broadened to assistance tiny businesses struggling during the pandemic.

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Unlike successful a accepted Chapter 11 bankruptcy, Subchapter V gives creditors similar the Sandy Hook families virtually nary accidental successful a restructuring plan, nor tin they record a competing plan. They tin situation Mr. Jones’s approach, but an impasse successful talks could effect successful liquidation of the company, putting them successful enactment to cod a fraction of the damages.

A liquidation would extremity Infowars, but Mr. Jones would beryllium escaped to start another institution conscionable similar it.

“We’re doing good successful Chapter V,” Mr. Jones said connected Infowars successful September, misstating the sanction of the rule. “Whatever judgments they person can’t unopen america down. Whatever nett determination is successful the aboriginal these jerks get, but who cares, we’re inactive connected air.”

Last month, Mr. Jones’s lawyers submitted a connection of his idiosyncratic fiscal affairs prefaced by five pages of disclaimers saying that Mr. Jones did not afloat retrieve wherever helium holds slope accounts, however galore trusts helium had acceptable up implicit the past decennary and the whereabouts of his 2022 W-2 signifier documenting his wages. He has not filed a national income taxation instrumentality since 2020.

Mr. Jones continues to entreaty regular to his assemblage to bargain much of the fare supplements and different products helium markets connected aerial and to donate to Infowars, saying the Sandy Hook families are “puppets” successful a crippled by his governmental enemies to bleed him dry. His lawyers person said successful tribunal that Infowars’ concern is booming.

Mr. Jones and a twelve members of his ineligible squad did not respond to questions from The Times astir his finances oregon his bankruptcy cases.

Earlier this month, the families asked the justice to bid Mr. Jones to wage them the afloat assemblage awards, with nary anticipation for colony implicit a lesser magnitude — successful ineligible terminology, to marque Mr. Jones’s debts to the families “non-dischargeable” done bankruptcy. The justice has yet to rule.

The families person declined to talk publically astir the case, but lawyers accidental their filing suggests they person concluded that Mr. Jones whitethorn ne'er beryllium enactment retired of business, and they are demanding the afloat magnitude owed if helium is to stay connected the air.

“At the beginning, the constituent of it was to get escaped of him,” Mr. Bankston said. “And it’s similar you recognize you can’t get escaped of him. He’s similar a atrocious penny. He’ll conscionable support coming back.”


Mr. Jones signaling an occurrence of Infowars astatine his workplace successful Austin successful 2017.Credit...Ilana Panich-Linsman for The New York Times

Mr. Jones founded Infowars successful Austin, Texas, astir 1999. He broadcast his theories from his location and began producing feature-length, conspiracy-themed videos helium sold by message oregon gave away. He was bankrolled by his father, a palmy dentist who aboriginal helped found Infowars’ fare supplements business, inactive its astir lucrative gross stream.

In December 2012, lone days aft the Sandy Hook shooting, Mr. Jones began claiming connected aerial that the massacre was a crippled by the authorities to confiscate Americans’ firearms. Traffic to his website surged. Lenny Pozner, the begetter of Noah Pozner, a 6-year-old who died astatine Sandy Hook, had to determination a twelve times aft conspiracy theorists repeatedly posted his location code connected the internet.

By 2018, the families had filed 3 abstracted defamation lawsuits against Mr. Jones, who refused to taxable court-ordered evidence. But arsenic tribunal sanctions piled up and the cases began to crook against him, Mr. Jones undertook a bid of antithetic fiscal transactions.

“There’s excessively overmuch wealth coming in” for Mr. Jones to beryllium arsenic broke arsenic helium claims, Mr. Bankston said.

In February 2020, Mr. Jones traveled to the Cayman Islands, an offshore taxation haven, according to substance messages that surfaced during 1 of the trials, though it is chartless if helium conducted immoderate concern connected the trip. The pursuing year, arsenic judges successful 2 states threatened Mr. Jones with default for stonewalling successful the Sandy Hook cases, helium forged the archetypal of a bid of concern partnerships with associates.


Firefighters astatine a makeshift memorial extracurricular Sandy Hook Elementary School successful 2012. Mr. Jones started spreading conspiracy theories soon aft the shooting.Credit...Marcus Yam for The New York Times

In October 2021, helium made an statement with a caller company, Auriam Services, founded the erstwhile period by Anthony Gucciardi, a wellness and manner blogger who is simply a person of Mr. Jones and 1 of his earliest supplements partners. The institution was to be an intermediary for recognition paper processing.

In February past year, Mr. Jones transferred a $3 cardinal home overlooking the Barton Creek Greenbelt successful Austin to his existent wife, Erika Wulff Jones.

Mr. Jones struck a declaration successful July with different caller company, Blue Ascension, founded lone a fewer months earlier by Mr. Jones’s erstwhile idiosyncratic trainer and assistant, Patrick Riley.

On July 29, a genitor institution Mr. Jones afloat owns, Free Speech Systems, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. At the halfway of the assertion was $54 cardinal that Mr. Jones said Free Speech Systems — with claimed assets of lone $14.6 cardinal — owed to PQPR, a company controlled by Mr. Jones and his parents.

The Sandy Hook families responded with a suit claiming that Mr. Jones was fraudulently moving his assets extracurricular his business, beyond the scope of creditors, and was transferring betwixt $11,000 a time and $11,000 a week, and up to 80 percent of his supplements income revenues, to PQPR.

Mr. Jones’s lawyers person defended his actions arsenic a mode to support Infowars afloat erstwhile different vendors refused to bash concern with him.

In aboriginal August, Mr. Jones’s fiscal empire began to unravel. The Texas assemblage ordered Mr. Jones to wage the parents of the unfortunate astir $50 million, and 2 months aboriginal a Connecticut assemblage awarded the families of 8 Sandy Hook victims an bonzer astir $1 billion. A justice awarded them astir $500 cardinal more. In December, Mr. Jones declared idiosyncratic bankruptcy.

Both Chapter 11 cases went earlier a national bankruptcy justice successful Texas, Christopher Lopez, who replaced Mr. Jones’s main restructuring serviceman for the Infowars lawsuit and expanded the powers of a Justice Department-appointed trustee, Melissa Haselden, to analyse Mr. Jones’s finances. A caller main restructuring serviceman ended the contracts with Auriam and Blue Ascension, but precocious past twelvemonth Infowars asked the tribunal to o.k. contracts tied to an entrepreneur who had sold products done Free Speech Systems successful the past, Charles Cicack.

When a Times reporter called Mr. Cicack to inquire astir his enactment with Infowars, helium claimed ignorance of the narration and past deleted references to Infowars from his societal media accounts.

On Thursday, Ms. Haselden subpoenaed Mr. Gucciardi and Auriam, demanding that they nutrient documents detailing fiscal dealings with Mr. Jones.


Alex Jones declared bankruptcy past twelvemonth for some his idiosyncratic and concern assets.Credit...Kirsten Luce for The New York Times

It remains unclear however overmuch Mr. Jones is really worth. Recent tribunal documents bespeak that helium is continuing to transportation existent property to his family, including an big son.

In precocious January, nether unit from the bankruptcy court, Mr. Jones submitted a idiosyncratic equilibrium expanse detailing only about $5.6 cardinal successful full assets, including $368,899 successful slope accounts, $682,899 successful thing called “inventory platinum,” and a $2.2 cardinal homestead.

In the February connection of Mr. Jones’s fiscal affairs, the 1 prefaced with disclaimers astir its accuracy, his spot was valued astatine a full of $10 million, including a home, water location and agrarian acreage worthy $5.4 million. The connection said Mr. Jones owned 2 cars and 2 boats valued astatine $274,000, but listed arsenic “unknown” the worth of his premarital agreement, 8 constricted liability companies and respective trusts. His stated monthly income was $129,000, but $104,000 of that was from sources that were not disclosed.

“The fiscal reporting and records are incomplete and the accuracy is uncertain,” Ms. Haselden, the Justice Department monitor, said successful a tribunal filing.

This past week, Ms. Haselden filed a subpoena for documents showing Mr. Jones’s cryptocurrency transactions and different fiscal dealings. The Southern Poverty Law Center has tracked millions of dollars successful cryptocurrency donations past twelvemonth to accounts tied to Mr. Jones.

Last month, the families retained an plus tracing steadfast to effort to unearth much of Mr. Jones’s money, a process expected to instrumentality months.

So far, the lone wealth Mr. Jones has paid successful the Sandy Hook substance has been to his lawyers and the courts, arsenic helium has tally up millions of dollars successful ineligible fees and sanctions for abusing the judicial process. Another proceedings for damages — perchance connected apical of the much than $1.4 cardinal Mr. Jones owes — is slated for this year.

“Without question, Jones is pushing the bankruptcy strategy to its limits,” said Avi Moshenberg, 1 of the families’ pb bankruptcy lawyers.

A tribunal ruling that Mr. Jones indispensable wage the afloat magnitude owed would nonstop a beardown nationalist message, helium added: “What a assemblage said is unforgivable should not and cannot beryllium forgiven by a bankruptcy court.”

Elizabeth Williamson reported from Houston, and Emily Steel from New York.

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